Epistemic Learned Helplessness: An Extension of Fricker’s Epistemic Injustice
A fundamental axiom of feminist epistemology is that what we consider to be knowledge is subjective. This does not mean reality is itself subjective — only that there’s social influence that changes what we consider to be true. Sometimes, that social influence is harmful. When it is harmful, a framework I’ve found to be useful is Miranda Fricker’s notion of “epistemic injustice”, or things that harm someone in their capacity as a knower.